Deontology asserts that you should do your duty even if you or others suffer as a consequence. Instead, alternative testing methods now exist that can replace the need for animals.
Duties to Sentient Life. Morality based on rational duty alone, without empathy or pity, could be a moral dead end. The term deontology derives from the Greek deon, for that which is necessary or binding, a duty, and logos, meaning logic. Features of the Belmont Report should be considered when using animals in research even though animals are not subject to the concerns of anonymity or confidentiality.
In modern times, the question has shifted from whether animals have moral status to how much moral status they have and what rights come with that status.
Proponents of the middle ground position usually advocate a few basic principals that they believe should always be followed in animal research.
He or she must be considered a reasonable volunteer, without the forces of coercion, undue influence, or unjustifiable pressure acting on them. In summary, defenders of animal experimentation argue that humans have higher moral status than animals and fundamental rights that animals lack.
The human moral community, for instance, is often characterized by a capacity to manipulate abstract concepts and by personal autonomy. Both infants and the mentally handicapped frequently lack complex cognitive capacities, full autonomy, or even both of these traits.
In fact, some of them the infants will surely meet all of the criteria in the future. Two common moral duties are to save lives and to tell the truth. I could make a fortune if I could get my hands on her money, money she intends to give me in any event, after she dies, but which she refuses to give me now.
Character-based ethics A right act is the action a virtuous person would do in the same circumstances. The other two theories are consequentialism and virtue ethics.
Duties to and Values in the Natural World. One common form of this argument claims that moral status comes from the capacity to suffer or to enjoy life.
Retrieved March 25,from http: The first step in making that argument is to show that humans are more important than animals. The three questions The modern philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre proposed three questions as being at the heart of moral thinking: Rather, it means having a fundamental set of related virtues that enable a person to live and act morally well.
As another criticism of deontology is how can you settle conflict between opposing moral duties?
Peter Singer is one of the best publicly known advocates of animal rights and animal equality. As tends to happen with American academic books in the Rawlsian tradition, the relation between theory and practice is oversimplified. Deontology or the more descriptive term duty ethics can guide us about what kind of action to take concerning animal rights problems, and with many other moral problems too.
Principles include respect for persons, beneficence, and justice as they apply to informed consent, assessing risks and benefits, and the selection of subjects. Deontology appeals to an apparently objective source of duty for its authenticity.
However, duties might really be behaviours demonstrated over long periods to give the best results and are now honoured in practice and law. Another way to reduce animal use is to ensure that studies are conducted according to the highest standards and that all information collected will be useable.
Most virtue theorists would also insist that the virtuous person is one who acts in a virtuous way as the result of rational thought rather than, say, instinct.
Devotion to duty does not take into account the role of compassion and other emotions. Alternatively, however, as your duty to animalkind you might devote yourself to saving wildlife from ranchers or might release laboratory animals used in experiments - moral thinking can work in more than one direction!
Undercover videos reveal the gruesome scenes of animals being electrocuted, strangled, skinned alive, confined to tiny cages, etc. Some criticisms of deontology are the following. I personally believe in condemning the usage of animals at all levels, but I understand that it would be unrealistic for all humans to give up engrained lifestyles.Animal-to-Human Transplants the ethics of xenotransplantation.
Nufﬁeld Council on Bioethics Albert mi-centre.com Working Party engaged in a wide public mi-centre.com report has now animals to enable their use as sources of xenografts - taking account,in. The other two theories are consequentialism and virtue ethics.
Deontology opposes consequentialism by which only the outcome or consequence of your action is important. Deontology appeals to an apparently objective source of duty for its authenticity. Ethics, Humans and Other Animals: An Introduction with Readings (Philosophy and the Human Situation) 1st Edition4/5(1).
The Case for Animal Rights is a book by the American philosopher Tom Regan, in which the author argues that at least some kinds of non-human animals have moral rights because they are the "subjects-of-a-life," and that these rights adhere to them whether or not they are recognized.
Report of Virtue Ethics and Animals Essay who champions virtue ethics, one of the three major approaches in normative philosophy. In contrast to deontology and consequentialism, virtue ethics is.
Virtue ethics belongs to the branch of philosophy called ethics. Virtue ethics is also a sub branch of normative ethics and it contrasts with disteleology because normative ethics is more concerned about characteristics of a person rather than the moral duties and laws they must abide, so Natural Moral Law, Kantian ethics and Divine Command are usually dismissed by Virtue Ethics.Download